Appearance

  • Forewings dark at base, outer parts creamy white.
  • Wingspan about 19 mm.

Lifecycle

  • Complete in approx. 3-6 months.
  • Larva may grow to about 15 mm long.
  • Prefers coarse materials and constructs silk-lined galleries.

Habits

  • Typically attacks old carpets, feltings and the fur and feathers of stuffed animals.
  • Not very common species.

Appearance

  • Approx. 8-10 mm long.
  • Golden buff in colour.
  • Wings are fringed with no markings.
  • Wingspan about 12 mm.

Lifecycle

  • Completes in 3- 8 months.
  • Larva up to 12 mm long when full grown. Often found in a network of silken tubing.

Habits

  • Can damage a variety of animal products, including wool,fur, skins, clothing, carpets, upholstered furniture, and felt.
  • Larvae may be difficult to spot as they hide in a network of silken tubing.

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indian meal moth

webbing clothes moth (Tineo/a bissellie/lo)

case-bearing clothes moth (Tineo pellionella)

Textile pests include moths and many beetle species that feed on the natural protein 'Keratin'. This can be found in any textile of animal origin including wool, mohair, silk, animal hair, leather and feathers.

It is only when these insects become established in your property, and are left untreated, that they cause serious harm, such as:


  • Damage to historic artefacts.
  • Damage to clothing, carpets, upholstered furniture.
  • Contamination of foodstuffs and fabric–based goods.


For businesses, the presence of an infestation may also lead to damaged reputation and custom from the loss of stored items and irreparable damage to historical items.

According to CSIRO, at least ten species of textile pest have been recorded in Australia, however only a few of these, mainly the introduced species, are commonly encountered.

The clothes moth species occur most frequently in the humid, coastal areas of the continent.

The Indian mealmoth (Plodia interpunctella), alternatively spelled Indianmeal moth, is a pyraloid moth of the family Pyralidae. Alternative common names are weevil moth, and pantry moth; less specifically, it may be referred to as flour moth or grain moth. The almond moth (Cadra cautella) is commonly confused with the Indian mealmoth.


Lifecycle

  • Adults are 8–10 mm in length with 16– to 20-mm wingspans.
  • The outer half of their fore wings are bronze, copper, or dark gray in color, while the upper half are yellowish-gray, with a dark band at the intersection between the two. The larvae are off-white with brown heads.
  • There are 5-7 larval instars.
  • When these larvae mature, they are usually about 12 mm long.
  • They have five pairs of well developed prolegs that help them move considerable distances to pupate.


The entire lifecycle of this species may take 30 to 300 days. Female moths lay between 60 and 400 eggs on a food surface, which are ordinarily smaller than 0.5 mm and not sticky. The eggs hatch in 2 to 14 days. The larval stage lasts from 2 to 41 weeks, depending on the temperature.


The Indian mealmoth larvae can infest a wide range of dry foodstuffs of vegetable origin, such as cereal, bread, pasta, rice, couscous, flour, spices, or dried fruits and nuts. More unusual recorded foods include chocolate and cocoa beans, coffee substitute, cookies, dried mangelwurzel, and even the toxic seeds of jimsonweed (Datura stramonium). They have also been known to infest commercial bird food, such as cracked corn. The food they infest will often seem to be webbed together.

Appearance

  • Approx. 7-10 mm long.
  • Forewings are silvery-buff with 3 dark spots.

Lifecycle

  • Lifecycle completion usually takes 3-8 months.
  • Larva up to 10 mm long when full grown.
  • Creamy white with dark head.
  • Usually protected in case made of silk and fibres of feeding material.

Habits

  • Can do extensive damage to woollens, felts, upholstered furniture, clothes, etc.

tapestry moth (Trichophago tapatzella)